Refereed Journal Articles

Lukacs, H. and Ardoin, N.M. (Accepted.) Beyond Formal Groups: Neighboring acts and watershed protection in Appalachia. International Journal of the Commons.
Lincoln, N.K. and Ardoin, N.M. (In press.) Farmer Typology in South Kona, Hawai’i: Who is farming, how, and why. Food, Culture, & Society.
Boudet, H.S., Ardoin, N.M., Flora, J., Armel, K.C., Desai, M., and Robinson, T.R. 2016. Effects of a Behavior Change Intervention for Girl Scouts on Child and Parent Energy-Saving Behaviors. Nature Energy. July 7.
Oakes, L.E., Ardoin, N.M., and Lambin, E. 2016. “I know, therefore I adapt?” Complexities of individual adaptation to climate-induced forest dieback in Alaska. Ecology and Society, 21(2): 40.
Niemiec, R., Ardoin, N.M., Wharton, C., and Asner, G.P. 2016. Motivating Resident Action to Combat Invasive Species on Private Lands: Social norms and community reciprocity. Ecology and Society, 21(2): 30.
Gould, R.K., Ardoin, N.M., Biggar, M., Cravens, A.E., and Wojcik, D. 2016. Environmental Behavior’s Dirty Secret: The prevalence of waste management in discussions of environmental concern and action. Environmental Management. doi: 10.1007/s00267-016-0710-6.
Browning, M.M., Stern, M.J., Ardoin, N.M., Heimlich, J.E., Petty, R., and Charles, C. 2016. Investigating the Sets of Values that Community Members Hold toward Local Nature Centers. Environmental Education Research, doi: 10.1080/13504622.2016.1177713.
Biggar, M.T. and Ardoin, N.M. 2016. More Than Good Intentions: The role of conditions in personal transportation behavior. Local Environment doi: 10.1080/13549839.2016.1177715.
Stern, M.J., Ardoin, N.M., and Powell, R.B. 2016. Exploring the Effectiveness of Community Engagement Strategies: The case of the TogetherGreen program. Society & Natural Resources, doi: 10.1080/08941920.2016.1164266.
Ardoin, N.M., Schuh, J., and Khalil, K. 2016. Environmental Behavior of Visitors to an Informal Science Museum. Visitor Studies, 19(1): 77–95.
Ardoin, N.M., Clark, C.C., and Wojcik, D. 2016. Looking Toward the Blue Sky: Environmental education researchers’ experience, influences, and aspirations. Applied Environmental Education & Communication, 15(1): 75–89.
Ardoin, N.M., DiGiano, M., O’Connor, K., and Podkul, T. 2016. The Development of Trust in Residential Environmental Education Programs. Environmental Education Research, doi: 10.1080/13504622.2016.1144176.
Ardoin, N.M., Wheaton, M., Hunt, C., Schuh, J., and Durham, W. 2016. Post-Trip Philanthropic Intentions among Visitors in Galapagos. Journal of Ecotourism, 15(1): 21–35.
Wheaton, M., Ardoin, N.M., Schuh, J., Hunt, C.A., Kresse, M., Menke, C., and Durham, W. 2016. Using Web and Mobile Technology to Motivate Pro-Environmental Action after a Nature-Based Tourism Experience. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 24(4): 594–615.
Oakes, L.E., Hennon, P.E., Ardoin, N.M., D’Amore, D.V., Ferguson, A.K., Steel, E.A., Wittwer, D.T., and Lambin, E.F. 2015. Conservation in a Social-Ecological System Experiencing Climate-Induced Tree Mortality. Biological Conservation, 192(2015): 276–285.

Ardoin, N.M., DiGiano, M., O’Connor, K., and Holthuis, N. 2015. Using Online Narratives to Explore Participant Experiences in a Residential Environmental Education Program. Children’s Geographies, doi: 10.1080/14733285.2015.1033615.

Ardoin, N.M., Wheaton, M., Bowers, A.W., Hunt, C.A., and Durham, W. 2015. Nature-Based Tourism’s Impact on Environmental Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behavior: A review and analysis of the literature and potential future research. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 23(6): 838–858.

Lincoln, N. and Ardoin, N.M. 2015. Cultivating Values: Environmental values and sense of place as correlates of sustainable agricultural practices. Agriculture and Human Values. doi: 10.1007/s10460-015-9613-z. 

Ardoin, N.M., Biedenweg, K., and O’Connor, K. 2015. Evaluation in Residential Environmental Education: An applied literature review of intermediary outcomes. Applied Environmental Education and Communication, 14(1): 43– 56.

Gould, R.K., Klain, S.C., Ardoin, N.M., Satterfield, T., Woodside, U., Hannahs, N., Daily, G.C., and Chan, K.M. 2015. A Protocol for Eliciting Nonmaterial Values through a Cultural Ecosystem Services Frame. Conservation Biology, 29(2): 575–586.

Rich, H. and Ardoin, N.M. 2014. Teacher and Administrator Perceptions of School Gardens in Cape Town, South Africa. Children, Youth and Environments, 24(3): 58–79.

Gould, R.K., Ardoin, N.M., Woodside, U., Satterfield, T., Hannahs, N., and Daily, G.C. 2014. The Forest has a Story: Cultural ecosystem services in Kona, Hawai‘i. Ecology and Society, 19(3): 55.

Ardoin, N.M., Gould, R.K., Fielding-Singh, P., and Kelsey, E. 2014. Collaborative and Transformational Leadership in the Environmental Realm. Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning, 65(4): 555–561.

Boudet, H.S., Ardoin, N.M., Flora, J., Armel, K.C., and Robinson, T.R. 2014. Energy Behaviours of Northern California Girl Scouts and their Families. Energy Policy, 73(2014): 439–449.

Ardoin, N.M. 2014. Exploring Sense of Place and Environmental Behavior at an Ecoregional Scale in Three Sites. Human Ecology, 42(3): 425–441.

Ardoin, N.M., DiGiano, M., Bundy, J., Chang, S., Holthuis, N., and O’Connor, K. 2014. Using Digital Photography and Journaling in Evaluation of Field-Based Environmental Education Programs. Studies in Educational Evaluation, 41(2014): 68–76.

Lukacs, H. and Ardoin, N.M. 2014. The Relationship of Place Re-making and Watershed Group Participation in Appalachia. Society and Natural Resources, 27(1): 55–69.

Ardoin, N.M., Castrechini, S., and Hofstedt, M. 2013. Youth–Community–University Partnerships and Sense of Place: Two case studies of youth participatory action research. Children’s Geographies, 12(4): 479–496.

Vaughan, M.B. and Ardoin, N.M. 2013. The Implications of Differing Tourist/Resident Perceptions for Community-Based Resource Management: A Hawaiian coastal resource area study. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 22(1): 50–68.

Ardoin, N.M. and Heimlich, J.E. 2013. Views from the Field: Educators’ and practitioners’ perceptions of education as a strategy in support of conservation outcomes. Journal of Environmental Education, 44(2): 97–115.

Ardoin, N.M., Clark, C., and Kelsey, E. 2013. An Exploration of Future Trends in Environmental Education Research. Environmental Education Research, 19(4): 499–520.

Ardoin, N.M., Schuh, J.S., and Gould, R.K. 2012. Exploring the Dimensions of Place: A confirmatory factor analysis of data from three ecoregional sites. Environmental Education Research, 18(5): 583–607.

Ardoin, N.M. and Bowers, A.W. 2012. Trends in Philanthropic Giving: Foundation support of environmental education. Journal of Environmental Education, 43(4): 259–273.

Oshun, M., Ardoin, N.M., and Ryan, S. 2011. Use of the Public Outreach Liaison Model in the Neighborhood Planning Process: A case study in Seattle’s Rainier Valley neighborhood. Urban Studies Research. doi: 10.1155/2011/687834.

Khalil, K. and Ardoin, N.M. 2011. Programmatic Evaluation in Association of Zoos and Aquarium-Accredited Zoos and Aquariums: A literature review. Applied Environmental Education and Communications, 10(3): 168–177.

Castrechini, S. and Ardoin, N.M. 2011.Youth Resource Mapping: Partnering with service providers and youth to understand the supply and demand for youth services in a local context. Perspectives on Urban Education, 8(2): 3– 10.

Stern, M.J., Powell, R.B., and Ardoin, N.M. 2011. Evaluating a Constructivist and Culturally Responsive Approach to Environmental Education for Diverse Audiences. Journal of Environmental Education, 42(2): 109– 122.

Powell, R.B., Stern, M.J., Krohn, B.D., and Ardoin, N.M. 2011. Development and Validation of Scales to Measure Environmental Responsibility, Character Development, and Attitudes toward School. Environmental Education Research, 17(1): 91–111.

Gould, R.K., Ardoin, N.M., and Hashimoto, J. 2010. Mālama the ‘āina, Mālama the People on the āina: The reaction to Avatar in Hawai’i. Journal for the Study of Religion, Nature, and Culture, 4.4(2010): 425–456.

Heimlich, J.E. and Ardoin, N.M. 2008. Understanding Behavior to Understand Behavior Change: A literature review. Environmental Education Research, 14(3): 215–237.

Stern, M., Powell, R., and Ardoin, N.M. 2008. What Difference Does It Make? Assessing outcomes from participation in a residential environmental education program. Journal of Environmental Education, 39(4): 31–43.

Ardoin, N.M. 2006. Toward an Interdisciplinary Understanding of Place: Lessons for environmental education. Canadian Journal of Environmental Education, 11(1): 112–126.

Powell, R., Stern, M., and Ardoin, N.M. 2006. A Sustainable Evaluation Framework and its Application. Applied Environmental Education and Communications, 5: 231–241.

Ardoin, N.M. and Sivek, D. 2002. An Environmental Education Needs Assessment Study in Nicaragua. Applied Environmental Education and Communication, 1(4): 235–244.

Edited Volumes
Reid, A., Dillon, J., Ardoin, N.M., and Rickinson, M., eds. (In development, 2016.) Environmental Education: A handbook of theory, research, and practice. London: Wiley-Blackwell. 

Book Chapters

Ardoin, N.M. and Gould, R.K. (In prep., 2016.) Museums as Boundary Organizations: Community sites for bridging science learning and everyday life. In Bridging the Formal and Informal Science Sectors [Working Title], edited by R. Gunstone, D. Corrigan, and A. Jones. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Stedman, R. and Ardoin, N.M. 2013. Mobility and Scale in Place-Based Environmental Education. In Trading Zones in Environmental Education: Creating transdisciplinary dialogue, edited by M. Krasny and J. Dillon. New York: Peter Lang Publishers.

Gould, R.K., Ardoin, N.M., and Hashimoto, J. 2013. Transposing the Conversation into Popular Idiom: The reaction to Avatar in Hawaii. In Avatar and Nature Spirituality, edited by B. Taylor. Waterloo, Canada: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, Environmental Health Series.

Ardoin, N.M. 2009. Behavior Change Theories and Free-Choice Environmental Learning. In Free Choice Learning and the Environment, edited by J. Falk, J.E. Heimlich, and S. Foutz, pp. 57–73. Lanham, MD: AltaMira Press.

Encyclopedia Entries
Ardoin, N.M. and Bowers, A.W. 2013. Ecotourism. Oxford Bibliographies in Ecology. 

Selected Professional Publications

Ardoin, N.M. and McNally, J. September 2015. Environmental Education Research Bulletin: Volume VI. San Francisco,CA: ChangeScale. As of October 2015, available online at:

Ardoin, N.M. and McNally, J. August 2015. Environmental Education Research Bulletin: Volume V. San Francisco, CA: ChangeScale. As of September 2015, available online at:

Biggar, M., Ardoin, N.M., and Wojcik, D. 2015. Implementing Collective Impact in an Environmental Education Collaborative: A case study of the collective impact process during ChangeScale’s first three years (a report prepared for ChangeScale). Stanford, CA: Stanford University.

Ardoin, N.M., Fu, A., and Holthuis, N. 2013. A Review of California’s Education and the Environment Initiative (EEI) Curriculum (a report prepared for the Pisces Foundation). Stanford, CA: Stanford University.

Ardoin, N.M., Heimlich, J., Braus, J., and Merrick, C. 2013. Influencing Conservation Action: What the research says about environmental literacy, behavior, and conservation results. National Audubon Society, U.S. EPA, and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Available online at: 013_National%20Audubon%20Society.pdf

Ardoin, N.M. and Merrick, C. 2013. Environmental Education: A brief guide for U.S. grantmakers. Washington, DC: NAAEE; and Boston, MA: Cedar Tree Foundation.

Ardoin, N.M. and Merrick, C. February 2013. Environmental Education Research Bulletin: Volume IV. San Francisco, CA: NatureBridge. Available online at:

Ardoin, N.M. and Merrick, C. August 2012. Environmental Education Research Bulletin: Volume III. San Francisco, CA: NatureBridge. Available online at:

Ardoin, N.M. and Merrick, C. March 2012. Environmental Education Research Bulletin: Volume II. San Francisco, CA: NatureBridge. Available online at:

Ardoin, N.M. and Merrick, C. September 2011. Environmental Education Research Bulletin: Volume I. San Francisco, CA: NatureBridge.

Braus, J., Ardoin, N.M. (senior writer, editor, and contributor), Ady, J., Coleman, J., Ford, M., Grimm, K., Heimlich, J., Hopkins, M., Jeppesen, G., Mann, L., Merrick, C., Miller, F., Petty, B., and Slavin, Z. 2011. Tools of Engagement: A toolkit for incorporating social strategies into environmental conservation. Washington, DC: National Audubon Society, U.S. EPA, and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Available online at:

Ardoin, N.M. 2009. Environmental Education: A strategy for the future. New York, NY: Environmental Grantmakers Association.

Ardoin, N.M. 2005. Charles Darwin Foundation Annual Report, 2004. Puerto Ayora, Galapagos, Ecuador: Charles Darwin Foundation.

Ardoin, N.M. 2004. Community Biodiversity Education Partnership Program Outreach Kit Guide. Washington, DC: WWF. Braus, J., Olivolo, B., and Ardoin, N.M. (senior writer). 2003. Oceans of Life: An educator’s guide to marine biodiversity. Washington, DC: WWF.

Braus, J., Olivolo, B., Ardoin, N.M. (managing editor, senior writer). 2001. Wildlife for Sale: An educator’s guide to wildlife trade. Washington, DC: WWF.

Braus, J., Olivolo, B., and Ardoin, N.M. (managing editor). 1999. Biodiversity Basics: An educator’s guide to exploring the web of life. Washington, DC: WWF. 

Last modified Tue, 5 Jul, 2016 at 5:40